How can Total knee replacement surgery be impacted by diabetes?
Knee replacement surgery may ease the pain of walking and stair climbing in cases when arthritis renders these activities impossible. However, this surgery has dangers like any other procedure, and those risks could be worse if you also have diabetes. Given that roughly half of those with diabetes also have arthritis and that many could eventually require a replacement knee or two, it is a crucial factor to consider. Knee replacement or arthroplasty can carry significant hazards for diabetics, just like any other surgical surgery. Below listed are the points on how a knee replacement surgery is impacted by diabetes:
What is knee replacement surgery?
A procedure to repair an arthritis-damaged knee is known as a knee replacement, also referred to as a total knee replacement or knee arthroplasty. You can look for a knee specialist in Vadodara for better treatment. This surgery might be an option if you have severe knee injuries or arthritis.
Several types of arthritis may impact the knee joint. Osteoarthritis, a degenerative joint condition primarily affecting middle-aged and older persons, can destroy knee joint cartilage and surrounding bone. Rheumatoid arthritis, which results in increased synovial fluid due to synovial membrane inflammation, can cause discomfort and stiffness.
Traumatic arthritis, or arthritis brought on by an injury, can harm knee cartilage. The purpose of knee replacement surgery is to resurface the damaged areas of the knee joint and to cure persistent knee pain resistant to other care forms.
How a knee replacement surgery affected by diabetes?
The weakening of muscles and tissues is one of the main adverse effects of diabetes, making it more difficult for a diabetic patient to recover from any damage. As a result, diabetic patients find it difficult to recover from any form of surgery and are more likely to experience various adverse effects afterwards.
People with arthritis may find it incredibly difficult to walk or climb stairs in these circumstances, and knee replacement surgery can significantly assist them in improving the quality of their daily lives. According to several reports, the research on post-surgical problems following knee surgery and diabetes has had conflicting results. Like any procedure, knee replacement has benefits and drawbacks. If the patient has diabetes, the consequences might be slightly more noticeable.
Surgery and the anaesthesia used during surgery cause inflammation in the operated area, which triggers the body’s autoimmune reaction and causes the release of hormones such as cortisol, glucagon, noradrenaline, adrenaline, and others. This can enhance insulin resistance and blood glucose levels in people with uncontrolled diabetes.
Deep tissue infection and severe hyperglycemia may result from this. Eventually, impact the results of surgery. The body is under tremendous strain throughout surgery regardless of the treatment’s safety. Patients with diabetes have compromised muscles, tissues, and the immune system. This impairment impacts the total postoperative recovery.
Pre-knee replacement measures for diabetic patients:
- Medical management:
It is crucial to have a thorough examination for diabetes and any associated co-morbid illnesses when you first see your orthopaedic doctor. As a result, it is crucial to develop a strategy with your diabetologist to get you and your body ready for the procedure. Blood sugar levels and any other issues, such as high blood pressure, renal impairment, etc., may need to be managed medically to proceed with surgery. In addition to medical care, your doctor may advise a particular diet and physical therapy to help you prepare for the procedure.
Controlling your diet to lower your HbA1c level to around 8% or below should suffice and plays a vital role in the success of surgery because diabetes is largely a lifestyle condition. Antioxidant- and anti-inflammatory-rich diets are essential for managing the body’s inflammatory stress caused by surgery. It is highly advised to speak with a surgical dietician who can assist you in choosing the optimal diet to get ready for a knee operation.
Be concerned about diabetes before the surgery:
Before having surgery, as a patient, you should let the surgeon know what drugs you are taking and talk in-depth about the advantages and disadvantages of knee replacement surgery. Make an educated choice. Before you agree to the procedure, be sure you fully understand the postoperative risks, aftercare instructions, and recovery schedule.
Once you have decided to proceed with the procedure, follow up with your surgeon to confirm his availability and discuss any necessary pre-operative care. Certain medications like aspirin and fasting 5–6 hours before the procedure are advised and you should not consume any liquids, solid foods, or beverages.
During the surgery:
If your blood sugar is managed during surgery, you might recover from it more quickly and with better results. Therefore, discuss your blood sugar target level before surgery with your healthcare professional. By choosing the best orthopedic doctor in Vadodara,you can be highly benefitted.
The anesthesiologist administers insulin during surgery. Before the procedure, you will meet with this doctor to discuss the strategy for controlling your blood sugar. Ask to have your surgery scheduled early in the morning if you take insulin for your diabetes to reduce blood sugar issues brought on by extended fasting.
Post-knee replacement measures for diabetic patients:
After surgery, a diabetic patient who has the majority of their conditions under control can begin walking in one or two days. Diabetes and its co-morbid illnesses are managed medically to prevent potential post-operative consequences. The exercise and diet regimen is followed until the patient can resume his everyday life.
Consequently, as you have probably know knee replacement surgery can be safely performed on diabetic individuals as long as it is done so while being closely monitored by your knee surgeon and a diabetologist. Even diabetic patients experience no post-operative healing issues because of minimally invasive surgical procedures requiring less tissue manipulation, cutting, and adhering.
If you are undergoing significant surgery, be ready for a lengthy hospital stay. Diabetes frequently necessitates more extended hospital stays for people with diabetes than for non-diabetics. Discussing everything in detail with your surgeon will enable you to have a low-risk procedure and help you recover from surgery with little to no issues.